Apple fends off a series of antitrust challenges around the world and Match’s July filing joins two other cases in India, although Match is the first foreign company to mount such a challenge against the iPhone maker in the country.
Apple and the Competition Commission of India (CCI) did not respond to questions from Reuters, while a spokesperson for Match declined to comment on its filing.
In the complaint filed in India, which has not yet been published, Match claims that Apple’s conduct restricts the innovation and development of application developers who offer digital services by imposing the use of its proprietary system. in-app purchase and an “excessive” 30% commission.
A similar dispute in the Netherlands resulted in a €50 million fine for Apple and an agreement to allow different payment methods in Dutch dating apps.
The American giant has long imposed the use of its in-app payment system, which charges commissions that some developers like Match consider too high overall.
Match argues in its India filing that users in other countries often prefer to use payment methods that Apple does not allow, and that in India a state-backed online transfer system was preferred. .
“Apple is therefore taking advantage of its dominant position in the iOS App Store market to promote the exclusive use of its own payment solution,” Mark Buse, head of global government relations for Match, said in the filing.
In India, the ICC began investigating allegations by a local non-profit group in December that Apple’s in-app purchase system harms competition by raising costs for app developers and app developers. customers, while acting as a barrier to market entry.
The watchdog ordered the probe after Apple denied any wrongdoing, saying it was not the dominant player in India where it has an “insignificant” market share of 0-5%, arguing that it’s Google’s Android that has a 90-100% share.
The investigation will now focus on each of three separate cases that have been filed against Apple, according to three sources with knowledge of the proceedings.
Match’s Tinder is one of the most popular dating apps in India, and accounted for around 51% of consumer spending on the top five dating apps in the second quarter of this year, according to data from Sensor Tower.
In recent years, Apple has relaxed some restrictions for developers globally, such as allowing them to use means of communication – such as email – to share information about payment alternatives outside of of their iOS application and to lower commissions for small developers to 15%.
“This commission rate does not apply to apps from Match’s portfolio brands,” Match’s filing says.
Apple claims that in India, 87% of apps on its App Store are commission-free.
Match also complained that Apple sees ride-hailing apps in India, such as Uber and SoftBank-backed Ola, as those providing “physical goods/services”, allowing them to offer alternative ride-hailing solutions. payment, even if they perform “a similar matchmaking function” as a dating app.
“Dating and carpooling apps share the same fundamental goal of connecting two people online to meet in the real world. […]. Apple has arbitrarily declared the two to be different,” Match said.